Eu Mercosur Agreement Signed

A new Environmental Impact Assessment (AIS) is being developed to assess the economic, social, environmental and human rights impacts of a trade agreement between the EU and Mercosur. An independent contractor conducts the study. Negotiations began on 28 June 1999. After the suspension of the talks, negotiations resumed in 2010. The long-standing negotiations gave new impetus in 2016, when the EU and Mercosur each submitted new offers to reduce tariffs. On 28 June 2019, the European Union and Mercosur reached a political agreement on an ambitious, balanced and comprehensive trade agreement. The new trade framework, part of a broader association agreement between the two regions, will strengthen a strategic political and economic partnership. The agreement aims to promote EU exports to Mercosur through provisions: yes. The agreement reaffirms the right of governments to regulate on the basis of the precautionary principle. The agreement was denounced by European cattle farmers, environmental activists and indigenous human rights activists. [5] [10] There have been protests against the agreement.

[5] [11] Governments and parliaments of EU member states have also criticised the agreement. In October 2020, the European Parliament [12] and EU Trade Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis [13] declared that the EU-Mercosur agreement “cannot be adopted in its current form”. After Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro received widespread criticism of the protection of the Amazon rainforest, Ireland and France both expressed concern and threatened to veto the agreement if the Brazilian government did not act. [26] In July 2019, a symbolic motion to reject the trade agreement was passed by 84 votes to 46 in the Irish legislature D`il Iireann. [11] On 8 August 2019, Luxembourg`s Trade Minister declared that the implementation of the Paris climate agreement was a necessary condition for the signing of the EU and Mercosur trade agreement. [27] On 28 August, Slovak Agriculture Minister Gabriela Matecna said Slovakia would block the agreement because of Brazil`s unacceptable approach to the Amazon fires. [28] In September 2019, MEPs from the Austrian Parliament`s European Subcommittee voted almost unanimously to reject the proposed free trade agreement because of concerns about their national agricultural sector and Amazonian forest fires. That is why the government is obliged to veto the pact at EU level, where all 28 Member States and their parliaments must approve trade agreements. MPs from the centre-right party VP and the far-right Liberals also voted against the agreement. [29] On 20 January 2020, the government of the Belgian Walloon region formally took a stand against the agreement.

On 5 February 2020, the Walloon parliament unanimously approved this position (70-0). [30] On 2 June 2020, the Dutch House of Representatives passed a motion which rejected the Agremeent by a narrow majority. [31] The government of the Brussels-Capital region declared on 14 July 2020 that the agreement was not acceptable in its current form and listed a number of preconditions. This position was approved by a parliamentary committee on 10 October 2020. [32] On 20 August 2020, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed doubts about the EU-Mercosur trade agreement and its ability to get by in its current form. [33] On 29 September 2020, Deputy Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said that Ireland would not ratify the EU and Mercosur trade agreement if no enforceable environmental guarantees were added.